What Is A Grinding Wheel?
The pores (hollow spaces between adjacent abrasive grains and the bond) serve to provide clearance for coolant penetration and metal chips removed in the grinding process.
When the wheel is rotated at grinding speed and applied to the workpiece, the abrasive grains cut the material that is being ground, removing the material in small chips.
The increase in grinding forces causes either the abrasive to fracture, exposing new cutting edges, or fractures the bond bridges holding the abrasive grains. In the latter case fresh abrasive grains are exposed to cut the workpiece.
In normal vitrified grinding applications, the wheel has to be dressed. By varying the properties of the abrasive, the type of bond, the make-up of the wheel, it is possible to produce grinding wheels with a vast range of different grinding characteristics.
Why Use A Straight Grinding Wheel?
Why Use A Brown Aluminium Oxide Grinding Wheel?
This is a particularly tough form of aluminium oxide. Its toughness is due to the presence of 3% of titanium oxide in the abrasive. Fired at low temperature the abrasive retains its natural brown colour. Fired at high temperature further oxidation of the titanium oxide takes place which changes the normal brown colour to a grey-blue.
Because of its toughness, regular brown alumina is suitable for grinding high tensile strength materials, specifically off-hand grinding (bench grinding wheels) and sharpening stones and in applications including soft steel removal, shaping and deburring. The combination of being very tough, hard wearing and having a good wheel life means brown aluminium oxide offers a good price vs. performance ratio.